Home > Easy Japanese > English Top > Teach Us, Teacher > TE-form Verb + SHIMAIMASHITA (Lesson 18)

Teach Us, Teacher

TE-form Verb + SHIMAIMASHITA (Lesson 18)

If you say SHIMAIMASHITA after the TE-form of verbs, you are saying that you have ended or completed an action. That is to say, you can no longer redo the action, or bring it back to the former state. So, you often use SHIMAIMASHITA, when you have failed in doing something or showing regret for what you have done. Suppose, for example, you have broken a dish. “To break” is WARIMASU. In this word, the syllable before MASU is RI. So, its TE-form is WATTE. To it, you add SHIMAIMASHITA. WATTE SHIMAIMASHITA means “I have broken a dish”. This way, you can convey a nuance that you were careless and have broken a dish.
*You will leave the NHK website.