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History

History of NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute (Bunken)

NHK YEAR BUNKEN

Tokyo Broadcasting Station (Shibaura) begins broadcasting under provisional license from temporary quarters
NHK moves to Atagoyama. Regular radio broadcasts begin

1925

First “Entertainment Program Preferences” survey (Only 5 months after broadcasting begun, listeners surveyed by return postcard method, revealing the popularity of Japanese music, entertainment programs, plays, and Western music. Survey efforts rewarded when number of reception contracts surges from 3,500 at start to over 100,000 by the end of October.)


Nippon Hoso Kyokai (Japan Broadcasting Corporation), or NHK, founded

1926

 

Radio 2 service begins

1931

Rajio nenkan (Radio Yearbook; now NHK nenkan [NHK Yearbook]) first published

Number of broadcast reception contracts exceeds 1 million

1932

First “National Radio Survey”

 

1934

Broadcast Language and Pronunciation Improvement Investigation Committee (now Broadcasting Language Committee) established

1943

Nihongo akusento jiten (Japanese Accent Dictionary; now NHK Nihongo hatsuon akusento jiten [NHK Japanese Language Pronunciation and Accent Dictionary]) published

 

1946

NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute (Bunken) founded

NHK becomes a special public corporation under the Broadcast Law

1950

First “School Broadcasting Use” survey conducted

 

1951

Bunken geppo (Institute Monthly Bulletin; now Hoso kenkyu to chosa [NHK Monthly Report on Broadcast Research]) inaugurated

 

1953

Sekai no rajio to terebijon (World Radio and Television; now Detabokku sekai no hoso [NHK Databook: Broadcasting Around the World]) inaugurated

 

1954

First television ratings survey conducted (in Tokyo-Yokohama area)

 

1955

Institute moves to Atagoyama

1956

Broadcast Museum (now NHK Museum of Broadcasting) opened at Atagoyama.

Chosa kenkyu hokoku (Survey and Research Reports; now NHK Hoso Bunka Kenkyujo nenpo [NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute Annual]) inaugurated

Educational television broadcasts begin

1959

 

Broadcasting in color begins

1960

First “NHK National Time Use Survey” (conducted every 5 years since then)

First successful satellite relay between Japan and U.S.

1963

 

18th Olympic Games in Tokyo

1964

 
 

1965

NHK Yoji yogo jiten (NHK Kanji and Word Usage Dictionary; now NHK shin yoji-yogo jiten [NHK New Kanji and Word Usage Dictionary]) published

 

1968

Completion of the new facility for the Institute and the Museum

Regular FM radio broadcasting begun

1969

 

Transmission of all NHK television programs in color

1971

 
 

1973

First “Survey on Japanese Value Orientations” (conducted every 5 years since then)

1977

50 Years of Japanese Broadcasting published

First experimental satellite launched

1978

 

Teletext broadcasting for the hearing impaired begun (Tokyo, Osaka)

1983

 

Broadcast satellite BS-2a launched
Test satellite broadcasting begins

1984

 
 

1985

First “The Japanese and Television” survey

Broadcast satellite BS-2b launched
Nationwide teletext broadcasting begins
Test satellite broadcasting begins

1986

NHK saishin kisho yogo handobukku (NHK Handbook on Latest Weather-related Terminology; now NHK kisho/saigai handobukku [NHK Handbook on Weather and Disasters])

 

1987

NHK Hoso no kotoba handobukku (NHK Handbook on Broadcast Language; now NHK kotoba no handobukku [NHK Handbook on the Japanese Language]) first published

Regular satellite broadcasting begins

1989

 

Broadcast satellite BS-3b launched Hi-Vision test broadcasts begin

1991

Nationwide “Fluctuations of the Japanese Language” surveys begun (conducted annually)

Hi-Vision test broadcasts phase 2 begins

1994

 

NHK international television broadcasting begins

1995

 
 

1996

Institute website opened

General TV starts 24-hour service

1997

 

Digital international broadcasting service NHK World TV begins

1998

 

NHK World TV starts 24-hour service

1999

Visitors to the Broadcasting Museum reached 3 million

Number of BS reception contracts exceeds 10 million.
Regular BS digital broadcasts begin

2000

 
 

2001

Nijusseiki hoso shi (Broadcasting in the 20th Century; in Japanese)
“Better Broadcasting for Children” project begins

 

2002

Institute moves to Atago Mori Tower.

Digital terrestrial broadcasts begin 50th anniversary of television broadcasting in Japan NHK Archives opens

2003

Broadcasting Museum reopens after remodeling

 

2004

 

80th anniversary of the beginning of radio broadcasting

2005

 

Launching of digital terrestrial broadcasts in prefectural capitals throughout Japan

2006

 

“Earth-rise” and “Earth-set” movies taken by HDTV camera on Kaguya satellite orbiting moon

2007

“Broadcasting Assessment” surveys begin to gauge nationwide “access rate” (rate of people who watch or listen to NHK for more than 5 minutes a week), held annually thereafte
“What Japanese Like” survey conducted

NHK On-Demand program distribution service begun

2008

“Japanese Value Orientations” survey conducted

50th anniversary of broadcasting educational television
20th anniversary of satellite broadcasting

2009

Broadcasting Museum has highest visitor rate on record

 

2010

“The Japanese and Television” survey conducted
“Japanese Time Use” survey conducted

Great East Japan Earthquake

2011

NHK Kanji Hyoki Jiten (NHK Dictionary for Writing Kanji) Published.

Terrestrial TV broadcasting fully digitized.

2012

Research presentation and symposium event "The Great East Japan Earthquake and the media" held.


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