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Civic Campaign to Record the Facts of the Bombing:
The Atomic Bomb Killed not only Citizens but also US Prisoner

Nuclear Age Enters a New Phase of Proliferation

Japan's long-held wish for the reversion of Okinawa was realized on May 15, 1972. The preceding year, the Emperor and Empress paid their respects at the cenotaph for A-Bomb victims for the first time and Eisaku Sato became Japan's first prime minister ever to attend Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony on August 6. Nuclear proliferation reared up again in the 1970's with India conducting its first nuclear test in 1974, a decade after China's test of 1964. The world was shocked by a radiation leak from the U.S. nuclear power plant on Three Miles Island in 1979. Nuclear issues had become a topic for all.

Ever since the 1960's, television, newspapers and other mass media had displayed keen interest in describing the after effects of the atomic bomb radiation, in order to present the full picture of the tragedy. The period between 1965 and 1974 was a time of digging up and recording the truths of the bomb.

The Three Mile Island Accident

The Three Mile Island Accident

Indiscriminateness of the A-Bomb

An atomic bomb is a weapon of mass destruction. It kills everyone in the area, friend or foe. Mass extermination of all, civilians and even infants alike, is inexcusable even in war. The atomic bomb is manifestly a weapon of this kind. Many people of overseas origin were also living in the city when the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. According to the year-end survey conducted in 1944 by the National Police Bureau of the Ministry of Home Affairs, 80,863 people of Korean origin were registered residents of Hiroshima Prefecture. About 30,000 are believed to have been in the city of Hiroshima itself. People of other nationalities who fell victim to the bomb included Chinese, Mongolians, Southeast Asian students, European missionaries and White Russian refugees.
*A Victim, Yusof - The Testimony of Brunei's Prime Minister (1971)

A survey by Professor Akira Ubuki of Hiroshima Jogakuin University revealed that ten US soldiers also died in the atomic bombing. They included six POW's from the US bomber, Lonesome Lady, that was shot down in the outskirts of Hiroshima on July 28, 1945.
* NHK Special Bomber, Lonesome Lady: An Untold Story of the A-Bombing of Hiroshima (1978)

The US commander-in-chief had been warned before the bomb was dropped that US POW's might be killed in the blast. He concluded that this could not be helped.

The Japanese government presented the Allied Forces with a list of the POW's who had died as a result of the atomic bombing (including dates of death) in 1951, but the US government is believed to have kept this list secret from the bereaved families. In 1970, the name of Corporal John Long, a Lonesome Lady gunner, was inscribed on the list of A-bomb victims at the Cenotaph.



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