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Lesson 23

I was scolded by mother.

When talking with Sakura on campus, Anna was asked about the day when she came back late.

Lesson 23 ( 10 min. )

Key phrase:

OKÂSAN NI SHIKARAREMASHITA

Scripts

さくら この間は門限に間に合った? Did you make it in time for dorm curfew the other day?
Sakura KONOAIDA WA MONGEN NI MANIATTA?
Did you make it in time for dorm curfew the other day?
アンナ いいえ。間に合いませんでした。
それで、お母さんに叱られました。
No. I didn't make it in time.
So, I was scolded by Mother.
Anna IIE. MANIAIMASEN DESHITA.
SOREDE, OKÂSAN NI SHIKARAREMASHITA.
No. I didn't make it in time. So, I was scolded by Mother.
アンナ 掃除当番が3回増えました。 My clean-up duty has increased by three more times.
Anna SÔJI TÔBAN GA SANKAI FUEMASHITA.
My clean-up duty has increased by three more times.
さくら それは大変だったね。 It was hard, wasn't it?
Sakura SORE WA TAIHEN DATTA NE.
It was hard, wasn't it?

Grammar tips

MASEN DESHITA

Change the MASU-form verbs to the past-negative by replacing MASU with MASEN DESHITA.

e.g.)
MANIAIMASU (to be in time)  
>> negative form: MANIAIMASEN (not to be in time)
>> past negative form: MANIAIMASEN DESHITA (wasn’t/weren't in time)

Teach Us, Teacher

Passive expression
We use the passive expression, when speaking from the perspective of the person who was acted upon, that is, the perspective of the recipient of an action. To do this, we use the passive form of a verb and indicate who did the action, using the particle, NI. Now, let me tell you how to conjugate MASU-form verbs to the passive form.

Sound Words

Cleaning-up
Japanese is a language with lots of onomatopoeia. A wide range of onomatopoeia in the Japanese language, from noises made by animals to expressions of feelings, is explained by audio.

Anna's Tweets

Cleaning up is tiring. But when it's over, everything looks PIKA PIKA(shining). I feel so good.

Anna

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